Sunday, April 4, 2010
As far as I can tell, most of the supporters of consubstantiation lived between the 9th and 12th centuries. One of the supporters of consubstantiation was John Duns Scotus (1265-1308). It seems that Calvin noticed similarities between the teachings of Luther and Scotus on the Eucharist and erroneously jumped to the conclusion that Luther taught consubstantiation. This error seems to have perpetuated itself through various Reformed systematic theologies.
Who does teach consubstantiation? I am unaware of any church body that currently teaches consubstantiation. There could be some Anglicans out there that teach it but no denomination that I know of teaches consubstantiation.
Another common belief among Reformed folks is that Lutherans teach the medieval doctrine of ubiquity. This is also explicitly rejected in the Formula of Concord: "We reject and condemn as contrary to the Word of God and our simple Christian Creed…that the human nature of Christ is locally extended to every place in heaven and earth” (Ep VIII, The Person of Christ, Antitheses, 10; cf. SD VIII 92).
If someone is interested in refuting what Lutherans teach about the Lord's Supper it would be better to at least gain some understanding of what Lutheran's actually teach about the Lord's Supper. The best place to start is the Book of Concord. It's never a good idea to attempt to refute a position based on rumors about the position.
Posted by Chuck Wiese at 10:04 PM